About a year back, I published my first HTPC-NAS Combo build for 2014. That was a budget HTPC-NAS build I built for one of my friends. I decided it was time for me to upgrade my 6-year old MSI Wind Intel Atom 330 HTPC and NAS computer that plays HD video using Broadcom’s CrystalHD. So I spent some time to investigate potential options my budget HTPC-NAS combo build 2016. This build outperforms my previous build while drawing 40% less power. [Read: What is HTPC, aka Home Theater PC, and what is it used for?]
Requirements for my NAS-HTPC Build
Serious HTPC, NAS, and Gaming PC builders will laugh at my current Atom 330 based build. But honestly I could not have asked more from it over the last 6 years. It worked great for my needs. So it is important to understand the HTPC build 2016 presented below is based on what I plan to do with it. So here are some requirements I wanted it to meet:
- File and Media server – for backing up devices to the server and serving media to devices around the house
- Remote access to files – When needed secure access to files backed up on the server remotely (from outside my home network)
- Download station – for downloading and archiving my media
- On 24/7 – Energy efficient. At the very least I wanted it to match my current server’s 32 Watt idle power consumption
- Nearly silent – I am not very picky but I do want something a bit silent and low heat-producing
- No gaming – I do not expect to play games on this budget HTPC-NAS combo build. So low to mid-level graphical performance is OK
- No RAID – This is a backup server and anything that is not being backed up is non-critical for me. So there is no need for RAID in my case. Plus, occasionally I backup all my media on an external drive. So I wont lose much. In fact, I have not lost anything in the last 10 years I have had a HTPC-NAS combo (touch-wood). The chances of all devices failing at the same time is pretty slim.
- No Optical Drive – Most of the files I play or access are electronic. I do not use discs. So at this point, I do not expect this NAS HTPC combo build to play discs.
- Expandability – In case I decide to go RAID or add an optical drive
- Operating system – There are many home server OSes to consider. But I do not plan on changing my OS from Ubuntu Server
- Total cost – about $350
Who this HTPC-NAS Combo build is not for?
This HTPC-NAS combo build should also able to stream HD videos (1080p, 30 fps) to Kodi devices or encode videos for Plex clients. This build is definitely not for gamers as the integrated processor and GPU is not capable of handling graphically intensive games. This combo NAS-HTPC build is also not for videophiles as it may struggle play / stream anything above 1080p 30 fps. Reports on 4K playback are mixed (there is not much 4k content at this point). But these limitations can also be overcome with a dedicated graphics card.
Low Power DIY Budget HTPC Build 2016
This HTPC Build 2016 is an improved version of my previous low power HTPC-NAS combo build. So it still uses many of the same components.
AMD 5350 2.05Ghz Quad-Core Processor – $50
AMD 5350 2.05Ghz Quad-Core Kabini Processor which has an integrated Radeon HD 8400 graphics card is still one of the best low power processors available for budget HTPC / gaming builds. My other consideration was Intel Celeron J1900. The J1900 has a 10 Watt TDP, compared to AMD 5350’s 25 Watts but its graphical performance falls way short of AMD 5350. Remember, I wanted this NAS-HTPC combo build to draw less than 32 Watts total. As shown later, my completed build idled for only 21 Watts. Got this APU during Black Friday sale for only $50 and free shipping. [Read: 5 Best Android media players in 2015 for less than $100]
ASRock AM1H-ITX Mini ITX AM1 Motherboard – $50
There are not many AM1 motherboards. In fact, I only found 3 commonly available. Some of them are inexpensive (like this MSI motherboard for just $30). But I went with a slightly more expensive ASRock AM1H-ITX Mini ITX AM1 motherboard for 3 reasons:
- USB 3.0: This board supports 2 USB 3.0 ports each in the front and the back. In addition, it also has 2 more USB 2.0 ports.
- 4 SATA ports: Most motherboards came with only 1 or 2 SATA ports. I needed at least 2 (for SSD and Storage Drive) and preferably more (possibly a Bluray drive or RAID in future?). This motherboard has 4 SATA III ports.
- DC Power: AM1H-ITX motherboard can take both AC and DC power. With only one SSD and one HDD to power, I could get by with a 65W AC 19V 3.42 A 5.5x 2.5 mm Laptop power brick and no PSU.
Alternatively, you could also choose a cheaper motherboard with no DC option and use a PicoPSU with a power brick. This also generate little to no heat inside the case. [Read: 5 best Wireless HTPC keyboard and mouse options in 2015]
Samsung EVO 850 250 GB SSD – $75
An SSD is a must for HTPC builds for the speed and NAS boxes for the low power draw. SSDs usually draw about 2 Watts or less of power. During Black Friday I picked up a Samsung EVO 850 250 GB SSD for $75. Since the SSD will run only the OS, in my case, Ubuntu Server, 250 GB is an overkill. You can save about 30-50 dollars by going with a 60 or a 120 GB SSD. My Ubuntu Server with Lubuntu Desktop boots to login in about 5 seconds (not that this matters as this is a 24/7 on machine). Files will be stored in a separate larger disk, which can spin down during inactivity and improve energy efficiency. [Read: 5 best Plex clients in 2015 for your HTPC]
Mushkin Enhanced Stealth 8GB 240-Pin DDR3 SDRAM DDR3L 1600 (PC3L 12800) – $30
For memory I went with Mushkin Stealth 8GB DDR3 1600 single-stick for $30. The only reason I went with this RAM was because I received a combo discount with AMD 5350. Any good rated DDR3 1600 SDRAM would do the job. I also went with 1x8GB instead of 2x4GB or 2x8GB to reduce power consumption. While dual channel does give slightly better performance than single channel it will be barely noticeable for my build. Furthermore, 16 GB of RAM is overkill for my setup. I could have settled for 4 GB but 8 GB allows me to run any Virtual virtual machines (or Windows) if I decide to in future. [Read: How to run a Ubuntu home server on VirtualBox VM?]
Seagate ST4000DM000 4TB 5900 RPM 64MB Cache SATA 6.0Gb/s 3.5″ HDD – $100
Samsung Spinpoint drives were my favorite. My first one lasted for 6 years and endured many formats and erases. Both Seagate and Western Digital have been unreliable for me. But Seagate ST4000DM000 4TB 5900 RPM 64MB Cache SATA 6.0Gb/s 3.5 HDD has received good reviews. Once again, for Black Friday I picked up one of these for $100. It has enough space for my needs and I do not plan on building RAID arrays. But if I decide to, the ASRock AM1H-ITX board supports 4 SATA devices. If you can spend a bit extra you may even go with the HDDs rated for NAS devices. The warranty on these drives are a year or two longer. I wouldn’t recommend these drives for OS as the APM setting is too low and the drive spins down and spins up often leading to shorter life. As a storage only (non-OS) drive it can idle for longer times. [Read: 20 Best Kodi Addons for 2016: Updated, working list]
SilverStone Sugo Series SG05BB-LITE Black Mini-ITX Case – $45
This was one of the toughest choices for me. In the end, I picked up the SilverStone Sugo Series SG05BB-LITE Black for $45. The main reasons are good ventilation and decent case fan (although heat is not a major concern in this build). Support for slim optical device if I decide to put one in. It only supports SFX power supply, which are a bit expensive. But I wasn’t going to use a PSU anyways. It has front USB 3.0 ports when needed. It came in handy for me to connect HDD from my current HTPC NAS combo build using USB 3.0 SATA adapter and transfer over 3 TB of files very quickly. I would have liked it to be a bit more compact but all compact cases did not have enough expansion capacity or drive bays. For now I am quite happy this case. [Read: 7 Best home server software options to fit your needs]
65W AC 19V 3.42A 5.5 x2.5mm Power Adapter
Not having a PSU inside case takes away a lot of heat. This in turn reduces the need for extra fans or cooling. You can even get by with passive cooling (no fans no noise). Also PSU tend to be at their highest efficiency for Wattage they are rated for. I expect this build to use less than 32 Watts (my target). A 200 or 300 Watts PSU would not be very efficient at this low power usage. So the same build will draw more watts with PSU than a brick power adapter. There are several 65W AC 19V 3.42A 5.5 x2.5mm Power Adapters available for less than $10. I picked up one for $7.50. [Read: 5 Most common NAS or Home Server uses]
Closing Thoughts on my HTPC-NAS Combo Build 2016
My new build is faster, more silent, has more space, does better graphics, and yet draws less power than my current server. Admittedly, my current server is a 6 years old Intel Atom 330 based system. Here is a comparison of their power draw at different stages.
|Stage||MSI Wind Nettop 100 (old)||AMD 5350 HTPC Build 2016 (new)|
|Playing 1080p video||35W (with frame drops)||25W (smooth)|
Total Cost: $357.50 (right on target). It could have been lower with a cheaper motherboard or smaller RAM. [Read: 5 Must have Android apps for HTPC or Home Server control]
Once again, this HTPC-NAS combo build may not satisfy everybody. For my needs listed above, this HTPC build 2016 has exceeded my expectations. It also offers me capabilities to expand a bit. If 4K UHD videos become more common I may have to upgrade or add a video card. But I think we are at least a couple of years away from that. AM1 socket components are become less and less common. But for now, I believe that this HTPC-NAS combo build is good enough to satisfy most average consumers who consider energy efficiency to be important.